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Calcium Iodate is as an effective source of iodine and used as a nutritional additive in livestock and poultry feed for the treatment and control of iodine related deficiencies.
Iodine is an essential component of proteins produced by the thyroid. It is therefore important for maintaining the proper functioning of the thyroid gland.
Iodine promotes healthy growth and development of young animals. An enlarged thyroid gland (goitre) is evidence of a prolonged iodine deficiency. Young animals that are iodine deficient develop less vigorously, because of reduced bone development.
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|Cattle||In cattle, iodine is absorbed primarily in the rumen and intestines. Absorption is very efficient, sometimes reaching more than 80%. Dairy cows have a higher iodine requirement than beef cattle because they excrete around 10% of their iodine intake via their milk. Deficiencies cause abnormalities in the thyroid gland. Symptoms in beef cattle may also include blind and hairless (still-born) calves. Prolonged deficiencies may cause diminished production and reproduction.|
|Sheep||Even though iodine absorption is very efficient in the gastrointestinal tract of sheep, iodine needs are not always met by dietary intake. A deficiency can be visable in the form of an enlarged thyroid gland, but also in weak or still-born lambs and lower milk production in ewes.|
|Horse||In horses, iodine is an important trace element for regulation of the metabolism. In adult horses, symptoms of an iodine deficiency are a dull or rough coat. The shedding process may also be slower in iodine-deficient animals, and hair loss may be patchy. An iodine deficiency in pregnant mares can result in weaker foals or foals with thyroid gland abnormalities.|